Pain in lower abdomen can be caused by gynaecological problems like endometriosis, adenomyosis, pelvic infection, and ovarian cysts.
It can also be related to bowel, bladder, muscle, joints and nerves. Ultrasound and laparoscopy can be used to diagnose gynaecological conditions. Laparoscopy is the ‘gold standard’ in differentiating various causes and can be used for surgical treatment.
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